New biodiversity concepts for urban areas: Animal-Aided Design - planning for people and animals
Many of Europe’s cities are expanding. Rising demand for more housing space means undeveloped land and green areas are disappearing, and with them the habitat for many animals. In order to protect established species or introduce new ones, scientists have developed the Animal-Aided Design (AAD) concept. The idea is to integrate the requirements of species affected into the urban planning process right from the start. This would not only create valuable refuges for birds, reptiles and mammals, but also improve quality of life for city dwellers.
As part of their research project, Dr. Thomas E. Hauck (University of Kassel) and Prof. Wolfgang W. Weisser from the Technische Universität München (TUM) examined ways to reconcile urban planning requirements with the needs of animals. The house sparrow was one example they looked at. Considerations ranged from the preservation or creation of nesting places when installing façade insulation to securing the birds’ food supply.
“The aim of Animal-Aided Design is to create a permanent habitat for animals in urban open spaces,” explains Prof. Weisser, head of the TUM Chair for Terrestrial Ecology. “So we give designers specific criteria for species-appropriate planning across the entire lifecycle.” Design elements, trees, shrubs or sand baths where animals can find refuge and food all play a key role in the new planning process.
Brochure shows concept models for Munich, Berlin and London
The researchers have presented their findings in a brochure describing how to create the required habitat for a number of species. They also suggest three AAD concepts for the cities of Munich, Berlin and London.
The authors additionally show how animal-appropriate designs also benefit humans by fostering playgrounds and green spaces. Entirely new space concepts could be created, for example a “night park” in Berlin for nightingales and bats.
This research project was funded by the Bayerisches Staatsministerium für Umwelt und Verbraucherschutz (Bavarian State Ministry of the Environment and Consumer Protection).
Pictures for Download
- Download of the Animal-Aided Design booklet (in German only)
- Order print version: Brigitte Grimm, brigitte.grimm[at]mytum.de, phone: +49 8161 71-3495
Prof. Dr. Wolfgang W. Weisser
Technische Universität München
Chair for Terrestrial Ecology
phone: +49 8161 71-3496
Dr.-Ing. Thomas E. Hauck
phone: +49 561 804-2484