Mini-intestine grown in a test tube

The ability to grow three-dimensional precursors of an organ from stem cells in a Petri dish has brought about a revolution in the field of biomedicine. But exactly what can be researched on such an organoid in vitro? A team from...[more]


How a molecular mechanism affects early flowering

The scientists discovered a molecular mechanism that causes Scottish thale cress to flower two weeks earlier than its counterparts in warmer regions. (Photo: Ulrich Lutz / TUM)

Plants adapt their flowering time to the temperature in their surroundings. But what exactly triggers their flowering at the molecular level? Can this factor switch flowering on or off and thus respond to changes in the climate?...[more]


Broadleaf trees show reduced sensitivity to global warming

The sensitivity of leaf unfolding phenology to climate warming has significantly declined since 1980s, according to a study recently published in the journal Nature by an international collaboration of scientists. Earlier spring...[more]


Amyloid plaques in Alzheimer's and diabetes: Novel leads for inhibitors

A neuron with amyloid-plaques. (photo: Juan Gärtner/ Fotolia)

When proteins change their structure and clump together, formation of amyloid fibrils and plaques may occur. Such "misfolding" and "protein aggregation" processes damage cells and cause diseases such as Alzheimer's and type 2...[more]


What role does lecithin play in the production of chocolate? Molecular models come to the aid of chocolatiers

Scientists at the Technical University of Munich have explained for the first time how the ingredients in chocolate interact at the molecular level. (Photo: Joanna Wnuk/ Fotolia)

For many it’s simply irresistible and their favorite candy: chocolate. Its success is presumably due not only to its taste but also to its smooth texture, which is achieved by a process known as conching and the addition of...[more]


Stagnating crop yields pose a threat to soil: Humus depletion induced by climate change?

If the input of organic matter stagnates, soil will lose some of its humus in the long term. (Image: Fotolia)

The yields of many important crops in Europe have been stagnating since the 1990s. As a result, the input of organic matter into the soil – the crucial source for humus formation – is decreasing. Scientists from the Technical...[more]

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